Despite remarkable advancements in dental technology and a seemingly endless variety of over the counter dental hygiene products, gum disease remains a problem for 1 out of 2 American adults over the age of 30, according to statistics from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. The biggest culprit is poor oral hygiene, but lifestyle factors like smoking, eating a poor diet and genetics also play a role in the onset and development of periodontal disease.
The dentists at Bella Dentistry in Athens, GA, advise adults to become familiar with the state of their oral health and risk factors and to make necessary adjustments to diet and lifestyle to help minimize the risk of developing gum disease. Regular dental exams and cleanings (every six months to a year) are also necessary to remove bacteria buildup between the teeth and gums. Even with daily brushing and flossing, professional dental care is necessary to maintain healthy teeth and gums, according to the American Academy of Periodontology.
Periodontal Disease Prevention and Treatment in Athens, GA
The first sign of periodontal disease is typically bleeding and tenderness in the gums (gingivitis). If left untreated, gum disease progresses and gets worse over time, causing bad breath, gum recession, inflammation and even tooth loss.
There are several treatment options for gum disease. The first step is to schedule a comprehensive dental exam and cleaning, and incorporate a solid oral hygiene routine at home (dentists recommend brushing at least twice a day and flossing every day). When treated early, gingivitis is reversible. More advanced cases of gum disease (periodontitis) can cause inflammation and infection in the gums, which usually require more intensive professional cleaning and restorative procedures if the gums recede, or the teeth become loose or fall out.
If you are suffering from advanced periodontal disease, your dentist may recommend:
- Scaling and root planing
- Pocket reduction
- Gum or bone graft
- Crowns and bridges, dentures, or dental implants for tooth loss
Find a Dentist in Athens, GA
The best defense against gum disease is prevention. For more information, contact Bella Dentistry by calling (706) 546-7722 to schedule a dental exam with one of our dentists in Athens today.